erase, werase, clear, wclear, clrtobot, wclrtobot, clrtoeol, wclrtoeol
- clear all or part of a curses window
# include <curses.h>
int werase(WINDOW *win);
int wclear(WINDOW *win);
int wclrtobot(WINDOW *win);
int wclrtoeol(WINDOW *win);
The erase and werase routines copy blanks to every position in the win‐
dow, clearing the screen.
The clear and wclear routines are like erase and werase, but they also
call clearok, so that the screen is cleared completely on the next call
to wrefresh for that window and repainted from scratch.
The clrtobot and wclrtobot routines erase from the cursor to the end of
screen. That is, they erase all lines below the cursor in the window.
Also, the current line to the right of the cursor, inclusive, is
The clrtoeol and wclrtoeol routines erase the current line to the right
of the cursor, inclusive, to the end of the current line.
Blanks created by erasure have the current background rendition (as set
by wbkgdset) merged into them.
All routines return the integer OK on success and ERR on failure. The
SVr4.0 manual says "or a non-negative integer if immedok is set", but
this appears to be an error.
X/Open defines no error conditions. In this implementation, functions
using a window pointer parameter return an error if it is null.
Note that erase, werase, clear, wclear, clrtobot, and clrtoeol may be
These functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4. The
standard specifies that they return ERR on failure, but specifies no
Some historic curses implementations had, as an undocumented feature,
the ability to do the equivalent of clearok(..., 1) by saying touch‐
win(stdscr) or clear(stdscr). This will not work under ncurses.
This implementation, and others such as Solaris, sets the current posi‐
tion to 0,0 after erasing via werase() and wclear(). That fact is not
documented in other implementations, and may not be true of implementa‐
tions which were not derived from SVr4 source.
Not obvious from the description, most implementations clear the screen
after wclear even for a subwindow or derived window. If you do not
want to clear the screen during the next wrefresh, use werase instead.
curses(3X), curs_outopts(3X), curs_refresh(3X), curs_variables(3X)