KEYCTL_SEARCH(3) Linux Key Management Calls KEYCTL_SEARCH(3)
keyctl_search - search a keyring for a key
long keyctl_search(key_serial_t keyring, const char *type,
const char *description, key_serial_t destination);
keyctl_search() recursively searches the keyring for a key of the spec‐
ified type and description.
If found, the key will be attached to the destination keyring (if
given), and its serial number will be returned.
The source keyring must grant search permission to the caller, and for
a key to be found, it must also grant search permission to the caller.
Child keyrings will be only be recursively searched if they grant
search permission to the caller as well.
If the destination keyring is zero, no attempt will be made to forge a
link to the key, and just the serial number will be returned.
If the destination keyring is given, then the link may only be formed
if the found key grants the caller link permission and the destination
keyring grants the caller write permission.
If the search is successful, and if the destination keyring already
contains a link to a key that matches the specified type and descrip‐
tion, then that link will be replaced by a link to the found key.
The source keyring and destination keyring serial numbers may be those
of valid keyrings to which the caller has appropriate permission, or
they may be special keyring IDs:
This specifies the caller's thread-specific keyring.
This specifies the caller's process-specific keyring.
This specifies the caller's session-specific keyring.
This specifies the caller's UID-specific keyring.
This specifies the caller's UID-session keyring.
On success keyctl_search() returns the serial number of the key it
found. On error, the value -1 will be returned and errno will have
been set to an appropriate error.
ENOKEY One of the keyrings doesn't exist, no key was found by the
search, or the only key found by the search was a negative key.
One of the keyrings is a valid key that isn't a keyring.
One of the keyrings has expired, or the only key found was
One of the keyrings has been revoked, or the only key found was
ENOMEM Insufficient memory to expand the destination keyring.
EDQUOT The key quota for this user would be exceeded by creating a link
to the found key in the destination keyring.
EACCES The source keyring didn't grant search permission, the destina‐
tion keyring didn't grant write permission or the found key
didn't grant link permission to the caller.
Although this is a Linux system call, it is not present in libc but can
be found rather in libkeyutils. When linking, -lkeyutils should be
specified to the linker.
keyctl(1), add_key(2), keyctl(2), request_key(2), keyctl(3),
Linux 4 May 2006 KEYCTL_SEARCH(3)