1RLOG(1)                     General Commands Manual                    RLOG(1)


6       rlog - print log messages and other information about RCS files


9       rlog [ options ] file ...


12       rlog prints information about RCS files.
14       Filenames  matching  an  RCS suffix denote RCS files; all others denote
15       working files.  Names are paired as explained in ci(1).
17       rlog prints the following information for each RCS file: RCS file name,
18       working file name, head (i.e., the number of the latest revision on the
19       trunk), default branch, access list,  locks,  symbolic  names,  suffix,
20       total  number  of revisions, number of revisions selected for printing,
21       and descriptive text.  This is followed by  entries  for  the  selected
22       revisions  in  reverse  chronological  order for each branch.  For each
23       revision, rlog prints revision number, author, date/time, state, number
24       of  lines added/deleted (with respect to the previous revision), locker
25       of the revision (if any), and log message.  All times are displayed  in
26       Coordinated  Universal  Time  (UTC)  by default; this can be overridden
27       with -z.  Without  options,  rlog  prints  complete  information.   The
28       options below restrict this output.
30       -L  Ignore  RCS  files  that  have no locks set.  This is convenient in
31           combination with -h, -l, and -R.
33       -R  Print only the name of the RCS file.  This is convenient for trans‐
34           lating a working file name into an RCS file name.
36       -h  Print  only  the  RCS  file  name, working file name, head, default
37           branch, access list, locks, symbolic names, and suffix.
39       -t  Print the same as -h, plus the descriptive text.
41       -N  Do not print the symbolic names.
43       -b  Print information about the revisions on the default  branch,  nor‐
44           mally the highest branch on the trunk.
46       -ddates
47           Print  information  about revisions with a checkin date/time in the
48           ranges given by the semicolon-separated list of dates.  A range  of
49           the  form  d1<d2 or d2>d1 selects the revisions that were deposited
50           between d1 and d2 exclusive.  A range of the form <d or d>  selects
51           all revisions earlier than d.  A range of the form d< or >d selects
52           all revisions dated later than d.  If < or > is followed by =  then
53           the  ranges  are  inclusive,  not exclusive.  A range of the form d
54           selects the single,  latest  revision  dated  d  or  earlier.   The
55           date/time strings d, d1, and d2 are in the free format explained in
56           co(1).  Quoting is normally necessary,  especially  for  <  and  >.
57           Note that the separator is a semicolon.
59       -l[lockers]
60           Print information about locked revisions only.  In addition, if the
61           comma-separated list lockers of login names is  given,  ignore  all
62           locks   other  than  those  held  by  the  lockers.   For  example,
63           rlog -L -R -lwft RCS/* prints the name of RCS files locked  by  the
64           user wft.
66       -r[revisions]
67           prints  information  about  revisions  given in the comma-separated
68           list revisions of revisions and ranges.  A  range  rev1:rev2  means
69           revisions  rev1  to  rev2  on the same branch, :rev means revisions
70           from the beginning of the branch up to and including rev, and  rev:
71           means revisions starting with rev to the end of the branch contain‐
72           ing rev.  An argument that is a branch means all revisions on  that
73           branch.  A range of branches means all revisions on the branches in
74           that range.  A branch followed by a . means the latest revision  in
75           that branch.  A bare -r with no revisions means the latest revision
76           on the default branch, normally the trunk.
78       -sstates
79           prints information about revisions whose state attributes match one
80           of the states given in the comma-separated list states.
82       -w[logins]
83           prints  information  about revisions checked in by users with login
84           names appearing in the comma-separated list logins.  If  logins  is
85           omitted, the user's login is assumed.
87       -q  This  option  has  no  effect;  it is provided for consistency with
88           other commands.
90       -T  This option has no effect; it is  present  for  compatibility  with
91           other RCS commands.
93       -V  Print RCS's version number.
95       -Vn Emulate RCS version n when generating logs.  See co(1) for more.
97       -xsuffixes
98           Use suffixes to characterize RCS files.  See ci(1) for details.
100       rlog prints the intersection of the revisions selected with the options
101       -d, -l, -s, and  -w,  intersected  with  the  union  of  the  revisions
102       selected by -b and -r.
104       -zzone specifies the date output format, and specifies the default time
105              zone for date in the -ddates option.  The zone should be  empty,
106              a  numeric  UTC offset, or the special string LT for local time.
107              The default is an empty zone, which  uses  the  traditional  RCS
108              format  of UTC without any time zone indication and with slashes
109              separating the parts of the date; otherwise, times are output in
110              ISO  8601  format  with  time  zone indication.  For example, if
111              local time is January 11, 1990, 8pm Pacific Standard Time, eight
112              hours west of UTC, then the time is output as follows:
114                     option    time output
115                     -z        1990/01/12 04:00:00        (default)
116                     -zLT      1990-01-11 20:00:00-08
117                     -z+05:30  1990-01-12 09:30:00+05:30


120           rlog  -L  -R  RCS/*
121           rlog  -L  -h  RCS/*
122           rlog  -L  -l  RCS/*
123           rlog  RCS/*
125       The first command prints the names of all RCS files in the subdirectory
126       RCS that have locks.  The second command prints the  headers  of  those
127       files,  and  the  third prints the headers plus the log messages of the
128       locked revisions.  The last command prints complete information.


131       RCSINIT
132              Options prepended to the argument list, separated by spaces.   A
133              backslash  escapes spaces within an option.  The RCSINIT options
134              are prepended to the argument lists of most RCS commands.   Use‐
135              ful RCSINIT options include -q, -V, -x, and -z.
137       RCS_MEM_LIMIT
138              An  integer lim, measured in kilobytes, specifying the threshold
139              under which commands will try to use memory-based operations for
140              processing  the  RCS file.  (For RCS files of size lim kilobytes
141              or greater, RCS will use the slower standard  input/output  rou‐
142              tines.)  Default value is 256.
144       TMPDIR Name  of  the  temporary directory.  If not set, the environment
145              variables TMP and TEMP are inspected instead and the first value
146              found  is  taken;  if  none  of  them  are set, a host-dependent
147              default is used, typically /tmp.


150       The exit status is zero if and only if all operations were successful.


153       Author: Walter F. Tichy.
154       Manual Page Revision: 5.9.0; Release Date: 2014-06-10.
155       Copyright © 2010-2013 Thien-Thi Nguyen.
156       Copyright © 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 Paul Eggert.
157       Copyright © 1982, 1988, 1989 Walter F. Tichy.


160       ci(1), co(1), ident(1), rcs(1), rcsdiff(1), rcsmerge(1), rcsfile(5).
162       Walter F. Tichy, RCS--A System for Version Control,  Software--Practice
163       & Experience 15, 7 (July 1985), 637-654.
165       The  full  documentation for RCS is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
166       the info(1) and RCS programs are properly installed at your  site,  the
167       command
169              info rcs
171       should  give  you access to the complete manual.  Additionally, the RCS
172       homepage:
174              http://www.gnu.org/software/rcs/
176       has news and links to the latest release, development site, etc.


179       The separator for revision ranges in the -r option used to be - instead
180       of  :,  but this leads to confusion when symbolic names contain -.  For
181       backwards compatibility rlog -r still supports the old - separator, but
182       it warns about this obsolete use.
186GNU RCS 5.9.0                     2014-06-10                           RLOG(1)